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Colon Cancer Star

Introduced on April 1, 2004 by the National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable (NCCRT), the Blue Star symbol represents the fight against colorectal cancer.


Risk Factors & Symptoms


People at increased risk for colorectal cancer may need to start screening at an earlier age and get tested more frequently than other people. You may be at increased risk if:

  • You or a close relative have had colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer.
  • You have inflammatory bowel disease.
  • You have certain genetic syndromes, like familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (also known as Lynch syndrome).
  • Getting screened for colorectal cancer as recommended can reduce your risk for developing this disease. 
  • Screening finds precancerous polyps so they can be removed before they turn into cancer. Talk to your doctor about getting screened.

PDF Downloads

Centers for Disease Control. (2009) ”Risk factors and symptoms [Brochure]"



Don’t wait for symptoms to be tested for colorectal cancer. Precancerous polyps and early-stage colorectal cancer don’t always cause symptoms. But if there are symptoms, they may include:

  • Blood in or on your stool (bowel movement).
  • Stomach pain, aches, or cramps that do not go away.
  • Losing weight and you don’t know why.
  • These symptoms also can be associated with other health conditions.  If you have any of these symptoms, discuss them with your doctor. Only your doctor can determine the cause.

PDF Downloads

Centers for Disease Control. (2009) ”Risk factors and symptoms [Brochure]"



The most common, most deadly diseases tend to run in families - including colorectal cancer.  The Surgeon General's office suggests you talk about and write down the health problems that seem to run in your family including brothers and sisters, parents, aunts and uncles, and grandparents.  

Use this family health tree as a tool to begin the conversation with your family members - make copies for family members and ask them to share this information with their doctor - and share this information with your own doctor.  

To help you organize your family's health information, the U.S. Surgeon Gneral has developed an online tool called My Family Health Portrait, which is availablable at

PDF Downloads

Family Health History - English

Family Health History - Chinese 

Family Health History - Spanish 



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